Schools on ‘Brougham Hill’

A series of private schools opened in the vicinity of Brougham and Ellice Street from the late 1800s.

The first of these schools was set up by Henrietta McDonnell (Mrs Col. MacDonnell) in 1887. She and her husband lived on the corner of Ellice and Brougham Streets in what is now 57 Ellice Street. The Colonel, Thomas MacDonnell, had fallen out of favour with the Government, and lost his commission. Presumably a shortage of funds meant that Mrs McDonnell needed a job and an income. Henrietta marketed the school by various names, including Mrs McDonnell’s Ladies Collegiate, Melmerbe(y) House School and Brougham House School. The school appears in this Christopher Aubrey painting of Brougham Street in 1889. The school closed in 1896 and the McDonnells moved back to Wanganui.

Christopher Aubrey, Brougham Street 1889. ATL C-030-005 McDonnell’s house is the 2-storeyed one to the right on the hill top

Christopher Aubrey, Brougham Street 1889. ATL C-030-005
McDonnell’s house is the 2-storey one to the right on the hill top

Miss Annie Freeman from Christchurch established a new school, Miss Freeman’s School, taking over the lease of 57 Ellice Street in 1897. Starting out with 29 girls, the roll expanded rapidly. Lessons soon overflowed into the upstairs teachers’ accommodation. Former students recall a deep depression in the middle of one particular bed. With a shortage of staff and teaching space, Miss Freeman shifted her school to 7 Woolcombe St (southern end of The Terrace) at the end of term two. She named the new school “Chilton House” after her birthplace, a village in the Buckinghamshire. The school shifted several times and finished up in Island Bay. It closed in 1931, a victim of rising costs and the Depression. Chilton Saint James School in Lower Hutt bought out the name, goodwill and memorabilia at this time.

Mt Victoria teacher Annie Freeman (date unknown), Chilton St James Archives

Mt Victoria teacher Annie Freeman (date unknown), Chilton St James Archives

Mrs and Miss Sheppard, formerly from Girl’s Collegiate School, Masterton, set up Brougham Hill School in 1898. The address is given as both Ellice Street and Ellice Avenue. If indeed it did shift, then it was to what is now 42 Porritt Avenue. According to Council Archives plans it was a purpose-built school room. My former next door neighbour, an elderly Miss Jessie Harrison, was an ex-pupil at the school. She won a book prize for Arithmetic for Class II in 1908. The book is on display in the education section at Wellington Museum of City and Sea. The Sheppards passed on the principalship to Miss Ward in 1908. The school closed in about 1909-10.

Nearby on the corner of Ellice Street and Ellice Avenue, Mrs Kate (Edgar) Evans ran Dehra Dhoon, a private girls’ school from 1894 to 1906. Kate Evans featured in the last issue of Mt Victoria Historical Society Newsletter.

Scanning The Evening Post classified advertisements from 1894-1896 on the National Library’s Papers Past website, I came across yet another school, at 7 Victoria Terrace – a short-lived right of way where Melksham Tower apartments now exist. It was run by a Miss Kirk.

The prevalence of private girls’ schools in the area can be linked to the number of large houses able to be adapted to private training institutions. Private fee paying girls’ schools were the norm until 1903 when the Secondary Schools Act, and related acts of 1903, gave girls free state secondary education.

Thanks/ References: Sue Blundell, Chilton Saint James Archives; Adrian Humphris, Wellington City Archives
Margot Schwass, Celebrating Wellington Girls: 125 years of Wellington Girls’ College, 2008